Periodontics

Trouble Down Under

Periodontal Disease

Periodontal disease is an infectious and inflammatory disease that deteriorates the gums and the bone that supports the teeth.  Periodontal disease affects 3 out of 4 American adults.  Periodontal disease is the most common cause of adult tooth loss.

Disease Progression

Periodontal disease starts off as gingivitis, the inflammation of the gums.  Gingivitis is characterized by gums to appear red, swollen and possibly bleeding.  As gingivitis worsens, it lead to periodontitis.  Periodontitis is when the gingival inflammation has moved deeper into the gums and the supporting bone.  At this stage, there is bone loss and may result in extensive bone destruction and tooth loss.

Scaling and root planing treats the diseased root surfaces below the gumline.  It eliminates tartar and plaque below the gums and the root surfaces to ensure the gums properly reattach to the teeth.

How do you know if you have periodontal disease? HEALTHY GUMS DO NOT EASILY BLEED.

Heart Stopping Truth

Studies have found that the most common strain of bacteria in dental plaque  may cause blood clot.  Studies have found that the incidence of heart disease is about twice as high in people with periodontal disease. Please see link below:

http://perio.org/consumer/mbc.heart.htm

 

Gingivoplasty

Gingivoplasty is the recontouring gums for functional or cosmetic purposes.